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Child and Adult Orthodontics

The importance of correcting incorrectly positioned teeth and bones. Badly positioned teeth and those that do not bite properly against each other are difficult to keep clean, risk early loss due to tooth decay and periodontal disease, and put extra stress on chewing muscles that can lead to headaches. TMJ syndrome and various pain in the neck, shoulders and back. In addition, incorrectly rotated or positioned teeth detract from our appearance.

Orthodontic treatments have the advantage of providing us with a healthy mouth, a pleasant-looking smile, and teeth that are more likely to last a lifetime.

Various types of appliances, fixed and removable, are used to move teeth, re-train muscles, and modify jaw growth. These devices work by applying gentle pressure to the teeth and bones. The severity of the problem will determine the most effective orthodontic approach.

Fixed appliances include:

  • Orthodontics : The most common fixed appliances consist of a system of bands, wires and brackets. The bands are fixed around the teeth, or the tooth, and used as an anchor for the appliance, the brackets are cemented in the front of the tooth. The archwires are passed through the brackets and tied into the bands. Adjusting the wires puts pressure on the teeth and gradually moves them into the correct position. The orthodontics will be adjusted in order to achieve the desired results. Today's orthodontics are smaller, lighter, and contain less metal than in the past. There are transparent appliance systems preferred by adults. Damon system among other systems.

  • Special fixed appliances : They are used to control the consequences of the bad habit of sucking the thumb or pushing the tongue against the teeth. These appliances are attached to the teeth by the bands.

  • Fixed space retainers: If an infant or child loses a tooth prematurely, a retainer is used to keep the space open until the permanent tooth erupts. A band is placed on the tooth adjacent to the gap and a wire is extended from the tooth to the other end of the gap.

Removable appliances include:

  • Transparent aligners or braces : They constitute an alternative to traditional orthodontics for adults and children. They are transparent and must be removed to eat. INVISALIGN system among other systems.

  • Removable space retainers : They fulfill the same function as the fixed ones. They are made with an acrylic base that adapts to the bone, has plastic and wire branches that extend between specific teeth to maintain the space between them.

  • Jaw Repositioning Appliances : Called splints, they are placed on the upper and lower jaw and train the jaw to close in a more favorable position. They can be used to correct disorders of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ).

  • Lip and cheek separators : They are designed to keep the lips and cheeks separated from the teeth. The lips and cheek muscles put pressure on the teeth and these devices help to relieve it.

  • Palatal expander : It is used to widen the arch of the upper jaw. It is a plastic plate that adapts to the roof of the mouth. By applying, by means of screws, an external pressure on this plate, the union of the palate bones is forced to open longitudinally, widening the palate area.

  • Removable retainers: They prevent the teeth from slipping back to their original positions. Also, they can be modified and used to avoid the bad habit of thumb sucking. Sometimes it is necessary to place microscrews such as

Sometimes it is necessary to place microscrews as an accessory device.

We prepare the oral cavity prior to Orthognathic Surgery .

For more information, do not hesitate to contact us or visit us at the dental clinic.

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